11/26/2018 (Mon) 19:31:55
I would vote on the syncretic tradition.
The problem with our Ugric-Uralic link is that it isn't much more than linguistic relation. And even our closest Ugric relatives (in language) are pretty far from us (in linguistic sense) and the Hungarians who arrived into the Carpathian basin in their culture were the most typical steppe people we could think of. However there are no trace of Tengrism among the fragmented information we have about our religion.
It's true both Hungarians and other Uralics had shamans, but the info we have on the Uralic shamans are fairly late (I think 16th century and onward) and the Hungarian ones can be traced back to the 9th century and by the 16th they were nowhere or were transformed into generic wise-man or those regös
bards I mentioned before. But did they exist hundreds or even thousands of years before that? Interesting to note that one possible origin of the word shaman is from the Sanskrit samana, which basically means Buddhist monk. I heard - haven't read tho - Sven Hedin wrote about a shamanistic ritual he witnessed in Mongolia and said the ceremony was directed by Buddhist monks.
Did they have anything in common?
We know that the old Hungarian belief system contained shamanistic, animist and totemist elements, most likely was a war god and probably a mother figure who was easily baptized
by the Christian missionaries to Virgin Mary who is/was particularly worshiped here. There seem to be some Zoroastrian elements too at least a Muslim source explicitly mentions that the Hungarians worship the fire, there might be other data on this
Orthodox missionaries approached the pagan Hungarians before the Conquest, and I suppose our people had to be aware of other Christian Churches, like Armenian, or the gnostic Manichean for example. In Khazaria they had to meet Islam as lots of the Khagan's soldiers were Muslim, and they sure as shit knew about Judaism - again good example of the Khagans themselves. They might even knew Buddhism maybe even we can thank shamanism to their monks, who knows
So by then they arrived here, many affect influenced them and their believes.
I suppose the winter solstice must have been very important to the northern Uralic groups, mostly on the Finnic side. I really don't know about their traditions, tho I've some book somehwere.