10/06/2017 (Fri) 16:46:29
Death by bullet.
The sentences were carried out in the morning in front of a bastion of Arad's fort. Every convict got three soldiers as a firing squad. The shots were performed from two steps. Two targeted the chest one the head. The convicts got blinder cloths and got lowered to one knee.
Dessewffy Arisztid, major general - Hungarian noble. Back in the K.u.K. he was kind of a combat engineer then a hussar, retired as a captain in 1839. Served as a hussar and a cavalry officer in the war, later fought against the Russians as the high commander of cavalry of the Upper Hungarian region, then the high commander of the cavalry of the main forces. At first he planned an escape with some if his troops to the Ottomans but a friend of his, Prince Franz von Liechtenstein asked him to give himself up. He surrendered to the imperials at Karánsebes (yes, there). This was considered as a mitigating circumstance hence his sentence was modified to bullet.
Lázár Vilmos, colonel - He was born into a Hungarian impoverished noble family with Armenian roots. Hussar in the K.u.K, left it as a lieutenant. First he lived on his estates then become a board member of a railroad company. Fought as an infantry officer and a sapper in the war. He was elevated to the rank of colonel by "uncle Bem" (lieutenant general Józef Bem). Capitulated to the imperials with the remains of his corps a few days after Dessewffy. He was the first executed.
Schweidel József, major general - Austrian noble (ennobled one and a half year before), otherwise Hungarian commoner of German origin. Veteran of the Napoleonic Wars, served as a hussar. He led his regiment home from Wien at the beginning of the revolution. Capitulated at Világos, the only one whom the court-martial offered pardon but Haynau was resolute. He was shot with a cross in his hands he wore all the time, than a priest gathered it and gave it to his son (who was also a prisoner in that fort) according to his last wish.
Kiss Ernő, lieutenant general - From a rich Hungarian noble family with some Armenian roots. Millionaire, magnate, the first one who was elevated to the rank of general. Previously when in the Habsburg army as a commander of a regiment other officers frequently asked for loan from him, among them Lieutenant General Haynau. Served as a hussar. Capitulated at Világos. His mitigating circumstance was that he hadn't led forces against Imperial troops. In front of the firing squad he didn't allow them to cover his eyes, he looked into the face of his executioners. They missed. From that two steps. Only one shot hit him in his shoulder. Here the stories are conflicted some say he commanded another shot others say major Tichy (the supervisor of the execution) did that. A sergeant stepped forward and shot him in the ear.