/kc/ - Krautchan

diaspora of krautchan unite

Boards | Catalog | Bottom

Check to confirm you're not a robot
Drawing x size canvas

Remember to follow the rules

Max file size: 100.00 MB

Max files: 4

Max message length: 4096

Battles Bernd 07/16/2017 (Sun) 10:27:19 [Preview] No. 8950 [Reply] [Last 50 Posts]
I've already mentioned the book titled On Killing - The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society by Dave Grossman (Lt. Col. of US Army). It gave some food for thought and I'm planning to write some of my speculation.

But what did the author write? Let's summarize.
He starts with the observation that most men has a natural resistance to kill (only 2% of men - those who have "predisposition toward aggressive psychopathic personality" - can go on killing without becoming a nervous wreck). This resistance is so high that even at times that our life is directly threatened (like others shoot at us) still difficult to overcome it. This resistance is the reason why infantry fire was so embarrassingly ineffective in the past 300 years - with the exception of machine guns - despite the fact that infantry weaponry (rifles) are reliable and accurate enough to cause massive losses among the enemy.
The author gives examples and sources, such as a Prussian experiment in the late 18th century, several reports and notices from several authors during 19-20th centuries (American, French, Israeli etc.), and an interesting work by a US Army historian who (and his coworkers) made mass interviews with fighting GIs during and after WWII. Also he cites his own conversation with veterans of WWII and Vietnam.
He gives new ideas on what's really happening on the battlefield. He compliments the widely known fight-or-flight model with two other options: in reality the soldiers can fight, posture, submit or flight. And most soldiers choose the second option.
Then he ponders on what enables killing (I'm gonna write more about this later) and how modern (post-WWII) armies achieve this. Then he compares these methods with the ways of contemporary mass media. His conlcusion is (after pointing out the exponential rise of violent crimes) that mass media has an undesirable effect on society.

What interesting for me is this resistance, and the enabling part. These things are actually give an entirely new way of looking warfare, and how and why battles were won.
For example the part officers (the demanding authority to kill) play in the enabling. When people (professional historians, history pros and other armchair generals) comparing the Hellenic phalanx with Roman manipulus and why the latter was more successful they compare everything but the officers. In the phalanx he's only one among those who stand in line and do the poking with pikes, but a Roman officer is one outside the formation and pressuring the soldiers to kill. It makes a huge difference if someone shouting in your ears "stab! stab! stab!" and generally pressuring you to kill. Especially if this one person is an exemplary one, a veteran whose skill in killing surpasses all the others in that particular unit. However noone talks about this because noone thinks about it.

I'll continue this sometimes, maybe only next weekend, we'll see. If you wish to read the book you can probably find it on libgen.
174 posts and 182 images omitted.

Bernd 01/18/2018 (Thu) 06:40:58 [Preview] No.13142 del
Yeah that link is for mobiles but it's working. Tried to save a copy but it needs login. I found another with the help of web archive.

Bernd 01/19/2018 (Fri) 00:22:44 [Preview] No.13160 del
let me guess, archive.org?

because now my link is not working at all for me. Sigh, that was the only site that had the volume with the 11th Michigan Cavalry, they fought Morgan's guerillas in Kentucky

and Cavalry vs. guerilla tactics would be quite unlike anything we've dug into so far. I am curious to see how the psychological fatigue guerillas induce would be complicated by the animal husbandry present in a fully mounted force

Bernd 01/19/2018 (Fri) 06:36:03 [Preview] No.13161 del
Yeah, archive.org. And yeah it's about the 8. Infantry.
For me that link still works. So the problem is somewhere in your appliance.
Horses are a morale strengthening factor.

Bernd 01/19/2018 (Fri) 14:43:02 [Preview] No.13171 del
alright, let me fuck with it a bit and see what I can do

Bernd 01/19/2018 (Fri) 16:55:35 [Preview] No.13173 del
Do that, mein Freiwilliger.
Hehh, archive.org has 4 volumes, all about infantry units: 3., 8., 17. and 22.

(224.27 KB 736x981 O_Tannenbaum.jpg)
I wish you a merry Christmas Bernd 12/24/2017 (Sun) 10:43:06 [Preview] No. 12705 [Reply] [Last 50 Posts]
It's that tiem of the year again, Bernd. I'm not sure how the next two days will go, but I'll check back time to times, maybe even continue what I started when I'm not terribly busy... umm, so just as always.
I hope you'll get nice presents from Little Jesus, Bernd, or at least a bite of good food and some rest.
13 posts and 11 images omitted.

Bernd 01/11/2018 (Thu) 17:11:40 [Preview] No.13005 del
From North Ural? He is Samoyed.

Bernd 01/11/2018 (Thu) 17:42:52 [Preview] No.13010 del
(281.86 KB 1500x1125 20180107_174534.jpg)
(270.60 KB 1500x1125 20180107_174626.jpg)
We associate Grandfather Frost with New Year more than Christmas, although it is one big holiday week so nobody cares.

There is two shitty photos I made at 7th when I was on walk in Moscow's center with a woman.

>Where did grandfather frost come from?

"Official" Ded Moroz now sits in Veliky Ustyug, but this is modern invention: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veliky_Ustyug

Technically Ded Moroz is created as answer to Santa in 19th century on basis of old pagan winter deity/spirit Moroz/Morozko, and he just lives "in the forest". He wasn't friendly or evil, and acted like typical chtonic spirit, but modern image is mostly Santa-like, with required attributes like bag of gifts and spruce tree.

People rarely care about it though. But most of NY/Christmas items now are about Santa, red hats everywhere (Ded Moroz has blue clothes and different hat), blue are rare. Although reindeer symbolics are rare, only in small gifts (Ded Moroz also has no reindeers) and no chimney with socks - gifts are placed strictly under tree (or just given to person directly of course). People don't care about it either, although purists notice this every year with rants about "Santaization" of NY.

We are americanized now. I blame Coca-Cola.

Bernd 01/11/2018 (Thu) 18:01:50 [Preview] No.13015 del
Intradesting, thanks.

In region where I live we also have non-santa Christmas time old fart who gives good kids presents (and charcoal to bad ones). He's called Gwiazdor (translated as Starman, Christmas is sometimes translated as Gwiazdka - "Little Star" so his name probably comes from that). I have actually no clue where his story comes from, maybe I'll stop being lazy later and check wikipedia and report about my findings.
Gwiazdor is unique to my region, other parts of Poland get other present bringers. I also remember he had a wife or some sort of female helper, not sure, also I don't remember her name.
Anyway we're also a victim of americanisation and red hats and fat red dwarfs are everywhere (although I'm not sure if Gwiazdor looked differently in original, probably not).
I'm glad feast of st. Nickolaus is on 6th december and you have excuse to expect presents twice in this month, even if Nicky brings more modest ones.

Bernd 01/11/2018 (Thu) 20:03:03 [Preview] No.13024 del
(99.18 KB 306x439 racist scumbag.jpg)
>translates to Starman
Dammit Poland, here in America we're stuck with stupid Santa and you guys get Ziggy friggin' Stardust to hand out your presents.

Danke Walesa.

Bernd 01/12/2018 (Fri) 18:45:00 [Preview] No.13033 del
Nice grill on the right.

I think it was discussed back on 8 but our Father Winter concept is fairly new. Somewhere about the middle of the 19th century some poets used the term as an anthropomorphisation of winter, frost and snow. Then in the first half of the 20th was viewed as a person, then the communist regime pressured to use the name instead of St. Nick as some kind of an atheist Santa. I believe he doesn't have any old Hungarian roots and his figure was entirely loaned from Germans and Slavs. I should check folk tales but those are just way too many and I don't have access to enough collections.

(19.90 KB 1000x666 banana.jpg)
Bernd 01/03/2018 (Wed) 13:57:10 [Preview] No. 12879 [Reply] [Last 50 Posts]
whats wrong with white "people"?
2 posts omitted.

Bernd 01/03/2018 (Wed) 16:29:49 [Preview] No.12882 del
(172.13 KB 1200x900 whites-are-racist.jpg)
They are racist

Bernd 01/03/2018 (Wed) 16:34:48 [Preview] No.12883 del
(62.54 KB 564x625 banana_joe_banana.jpg)

Bernd 01/03/2018 (Wed) 16:48:57 [Preview] No.12887 del
(223.62 KB 640x468 IMG_4137.JPG)
nothing wrong with them

Bernd 01/03/2018 (Wed) 19:04:15 [Preview] No.12891 del
(947.89 KB 1920x2560 imperialist_stallman.jpg)
global imperialism

Bernd 01/03/2018 (Wed) 21:30:48 [Preview] No.12895 del
What's your theory?

rondam news Bernd 06/29/2017 (Thu) 17:20:10 [Preview] No. 8542 [Reply] [Last 50 Posts]
from your contry or wherever

the arbitral tribunal finally announced rulings regarding border disputes between slovenia and croatia. however, croatia claims they will ignore those rulings because they don't see them as legitimate ever since a year ago when some phone calls between one of the members of the tribunal and some irrelevant slovenian official were leaked. however the arbitration was accepted as part of ultimatum to croatia regarding eu membership.


besides the sea border dispute, most land border disputes were results of anomalies where one republic or a municipality governed land that was nominally on the other side of the republic border.

see pictures in article. it was ruled out that:
1) gulf of piran belongs to slovenia (except for a narrow strip next to croatian coast, as opposed to border going along the centreline) and the sea border continues straight out to italian waters; slovenia doesn't get a direct contact with international waters but instead a 4.6km wide corridor is assigned inside croatian waters that slovenia gets full access to
2) land border follows the dragoña river; this means that a couple of houses (most notably, joško joras, who wrote "here is slovenia too" on his house in 2002 and had some publicised breakouts with border officials) and fields, altogether 113ha that were part of slovene municipalities and were infrastructurally connected to slovenia, stay on croatian side
3) 70ha of forest on snežnik plateau forests that were part of hungary before ww1 but was anomalously reassigned to slovenia during treaty of rapallo for no reason whatsoever, remain part of slovenia
4) 335ha large piece of clay around village of drage (northern bela krajina, foothills of gorjanci), mostly forests, that was anomalously part of croatian cadadstres goes to croatia. this is right next to the worst example of bordergore on slovene border, however the ruling does nothing to resolve that. such cases.
5) the army objects on trdina peak (in gorjanci) that were seized by slovene forces during independence war get split following the internal republic borders along the ridge within yugoslavia; the radio tower is therefore on slovenian side while the barracks on croatian
6) the border along mura river follows its old riverbet from the 19th century and not the modern-day regulated course (leaving a larger part of land on croatian side)

croatia is expected to send army on its borders and slovenia is expected to go crazy on border control to prevent tourists from reaching croatia until croatia gives a statement regarding agreeing with the outcome
500 posts and 183 images omitted.

Bernd 12/26/2017 (Tue) 21:55:45 [Preview] No.12747 del
It would be extremely blasphemous.

Bernd 12/27/2017 (Wed) 08:20:54 [Preview] No.12751 del
>I wonder what directions are they facing
I wish we had a Polish and a Brazilian poster who could check it out with a compass.
Jokes aside. The wiki pages don't have this piece of info surprisingly. I would think it's an important fact. Some bearings can be symbolical. It might be an urban legend but the equestrian statue of Jelacic in Zagreb pointed toward Budapest with his sword in the past but he was turned toward Belgrad during the Yugo Wars.
Aren't there any sites in native language about these statues' bearings? Or a downloadable document of the specifications?

Bernd 12/27/2017 (Wed) 08:25:51 [Preview] No.12752 del
What the hell? Why didn't this thread got bumped by my post?

Bernd 12/27/2017 (Wed) 08:40:12 [Preview] No.12753 del
(178.11 KB 640x480 keks_kex.jpg)
Oh, hahah, we reached bump limit it seems.
>498 posts and 183 images omitted
I didn't even notice.

Bernd 12/27/2017 (Wed) 10:00:34 [Preview] No.12754 del
I think we should just go check satellite imagery and determine direction from there

Bernd 09/10/2017 (Sun) 01:58:21 [Preview] No. 10120 [Reply] [Last 50 Posts]
5 posts omitted.

Bernd 09/10/2017 (Sun) 08:21:29 [Preview] No. 10145 del
>I'll Arm the Taliban

But he didn't say this.

It is pretty typical talk about Ukraine, he says something like this every month. You can easily ignore it because it is all just a political babble.

Bernd 09/10/2017 (Sun) 08:52:53 [Preview] No. 10149 del
You just want to lower our suspicion so when he does the surprise will be greater.

Bernd 09/10/2017 (Sun) 16:22:33 [Preview] No. 10211 del
(33.24 KB 317x237 Handfotze.png)
Know what? We arm them all.

Bernd 12/23/2017 (Sat) 13:32:01 [Preview] No.12700 del
It's all right. Those are just
>"defensive weapons"
incapable of attacking.

I thought Trump is a pawn planted by Putin. Maybe Putin wants to invade Ukraine and ordered his pawn to create him a casus belli.
Also maybe the Jews are manipulating Washington and Kiev to create a new conflict zone so Ukrainians have to leave their homes and migrate to west into Poland, Northern Hungary and Hungary. Then Russia expands onto the Ukraine and churkas will move onto the empty areas contributing to the Islamisation of Europe.

Super retarded question for my fellow Amerilards or people acquianted with guns Bernd 12/13/2017 (Wed) 06:29:08 [Preview] No. 12564 [Reply] [Last 50 Posts]
Can modern rifles shoot homemade paper cartridges if they're the right dimensions? I know "modern" shotguns can since early shotgun shells were paper cartridges until plastic ones become much more feasible. But can modern rifles shoot them? I know you have to "nitrate" the paper so you can avoid cook off. But do you need to add a metallic striker bottom to them?

Yes, just going to a local gun store or pawn shop is properly WAAAAAYYYYY fucking cheaper, I'm just bored and curious.
4 posts omitted.

Bernd 12/16/2017 (Sat) 08:12:00 [Preview] No.12592 del
Those needle guns are fairly old constructions. Maybe you could change the pin of a modern rifle. Here are some pics of the cartridges.
You would have problems with the shape as well. It should be fairly similar and very exact size to fit snugly into the chamber.

Bernd 12/19/2017 (Tue) 18:09:48 [Preview] No.12653 del
I don't know nigga but I just wanted to say that I love rifles. There's something very attractive about that mix of wood and metal. I wished technology would stay at level where semi-auto is highest rate of fire avaiable so they can focus on developing only those beauties. I hope one day they relax gun law in poland so I can buy myself some of them. So far I only had chance to fire some medieval blackpowder weapons.

Bernd 12/21/2017 (Thu) 01:42:38 [Preview] No.12668 del
(29.30 KB 342x358 culo de bastardo.jpg)
welcome to /kc/.

Sometimes, it works!

Bernd 12/21/2017 (Thu) 20:55:43 [Preview] No.12680 del
I'd say yes considering you can shoot blanks, then again it all depends on if you have the proper dimensions cut out and the material being used. It would likely shoot like a blank, but I wouldn't expect it to shoot too far. Really all depends what kind of rifle too.

Bernd 12/21/2017 (Thu) 20:59:43 [Preview] No.12681 del
I have a friend who shoots BB pellets from a regular AR rifle, and I've seen it work. You might just try that instead. Cardboard/paper/cheap plastic could really fuck up your gun.

(646.87 KB 1655x1939 bibel1.jpg)
(304.24 KB 678x678 058.png)
Religion thread Bernd 10/26/2017 (Thu) 00:23:33 [Preview] No. 11451 [Reply] [Last 50 Posts]
What do you believe in, Bernd?
Have you read the Bible?
73 posts and 20 images omitted.

Bernd 12/16/2017 (Sat) 19:27:16 [Preview] No.12604 del
Alternative names being Linguists, Grammaticists, Grammatician, Grammarian, doesn't matter, pick your poison.

Bernd 12/16/2017 (Sat) 20:46:52 [Preview] No.12607 del
I think this whole capitalisation thing derives from the necessity to add definiteness in languages that don't have definite articles. In Hungarian, definiteness is carried by the verb, and thus cannot carry over to the standalone noun. Similarly in Slovene, definiteness can only be marked by the adjetive, and again the standalone noun is left with undefined definiteness. In written text, definiteness is then denoted by capitalisation.

In case of English, we have the case when words that are considered proper nouns are definite by default, and don't take the definite article. Again, this definiteness in form of address, can be denoted in written word by capitalisation. That's similar to how English capitalises words referring to specific organisations, concepts, etc. which serve as proper nouns. Consider the difference between republicans or democrats, and Republicans or Democrats.

Bernd 12/16/2017 (Sat) 20:53:55 [Preview] No.12610 del

Addendum: on contrary, in languages like Classical Greek, proper nouns including personal names always take the definite article, as do abstract nouns: ho Sôkratês, the Socrates, hê sophia, the wisdom, and similarly ho theos, the God. The ambiguity between god and God is thus readily apparent in Classical Greek, even in speech, not by forced capitalisation.

Bernd 12/16/2017 (Sat) 21:53:23 [Preview] No.12617 del
Pretty much this, English has no truly inherent, concrete definite use of words ingrained into its structure, only depending on its context can concepts be emphasized and distinguished through subtle changes like capitalization, punctuation, etc. Negative dialectic argumentation (AKA: apophasis, kathodos, via negativa, retroduction/abduction) is easier in Greek and Latin and a few other European languages. A part of that reason is also in part by western humanist philosophy, as well as Protestantism. Old English is even worse, words are spelled by how it's pronounced because nobody knew how to read and there wasn't a consensus in how to write certain words until literacy improved overall as dictionaries became more readily available. It can't be helped, the (Western/Latin) Catholic Church didn't teach the laymen Greek and Latin while the people learned through books distributed by whatever books the Turks and Jews didn't destroy that they've brought into the west. Positivism or Kataphatic Theology in Christianity is more Cartesian (Rene Descartes was a fool), Aristotelian, literal, empirical, so their exegesis of the bible cannot come to understand things that the bible doesn't say, which the argument from silence is most often abused to make opinionated guesses to supplement Positivism instead of using Apophatic Theology to truly know something from what the bible doesn't say with definite, 100% confidence. Interpret that however you like. I'm not a Christian but I admire Martinus Lutherus' courage to stand up against the Catholic Church. I know the importance as well as the struggle to maintain and perpetuate the truth that's translated into the mother tongue to help others around me to grow in wisdom and aspire to become the Good, unite with the "Soul" of the soul, become like angels/agathosdaimon disguised as godly people. Perhaps someone would come forth and help form a dictionary and grammar book for metaphysical concepts in English to help teach people how to converse in dialectics.

Bernd 12/18/2017 (Mon) 15:34:41 [Preview] No.12627 del
>The contextual, religious capitalization of god at least in English works differently from other languages even if English had some of its roots in German. That said, I've never met anyone that speaks "Anglish".
The German language bibles go even farther and capitalize all letters when mentioning Him as GOTT (God), HERR (Lord), VATER (Father) etc., because regular nouns are already capitalized in German.

Bernd 12/11/2017 (Mon) 01:51:32 [Preview] No. 12527 [Reply] [Last 50 Posts]
I give you a German song.

Bernd 12/11/2017 (Mon) 08:35:31 [Preview] No.12540 del
Well I don't wanna sound ungrateful but we have a music thread for songs.

(69.95 KB 618x511 bol.jpg)
1917-2017 finlan day Bernd 12/03/2017 (Sun) 14:45:07 [Preview] No. 12275 [Reply] [Last 50 Posts]
>birthday on wednesday
>all the relatives will come over
>I have to explain why I'm spending so much on entertainment
>I have to explain why I'm only doing high-paying part-time jobs and lazing around the rest of time
>I have to explain why I didn't finish removing the commie nest below the flooring, they thought we agreed I get to live alone if I'm being responsible
>instead I've been focusing on the muslims who mostly stay away because of the cold and boredom anyway, so it looks like I'm doing something
54 posts and 126 images omitted.

Bernd 12/06/2017 (Wed) 20:45:54 [Preview] No.12403 del
https://youtube.com/watch?v=EVI-wRrfJYM [Embed]
https://youtube.com/watch?v=l3eHSid1Chg [Embed]

Bernd 12/06/2017 (Wed) 20:50:43 [Preview] No.12404 del
https://youtube.com/watch?v=NsgE2kN3si0 [Embed]

Bernd 12/07/2017 (Thu) 01:28:45 [Preview] No.12406 del
(110.49 KB 561x600 muumit.png)
(822.15 KB 1167x861 finland-tragedy-north.png)

Bernd 12/08/2017 (Fri) 19:55:00 [Preview] No.12458 del
(29.20 KB 370x370 1437069154614.jpg)

Bernd 12/09/2017 (Sat) 08:34:36 [Preview] No.12467 del
Mostly evergreens. Not one period of the year when you could just three through the foliage. Very suspicious indeed.

Real /news/ Bernd 12/06/2017 (Wed) 08:30:03 [Preview] No. 12378 [Reply] [Last 50 Posts]
WASHINGTON— Saying that they were unable to explain the mysterious error, officials confirmed Friday that a glitch in the country was allowing U.S. citizens to temporarily walk through tables. “As many of you may have already noticed, due to a malfunction in the nation earlier today, citizens were momentarily able move through tables,” said National Institute of Standards and Technology associate director Kent Rochford, assuring Americans that a team was working around the clock to locate and address the bug that enabled people to stride into and out of solid objects. “We apologize to anyone inconvenienced by falling through a counter or wall they were leaning against. Just know that we are doing everything in our power to patch whatever caused people to plummet through the floor into offices or apartments below.” At press time, Rochford expressed hope that any further issues could be resolved by doing a hard restart on the country-.

-BO so far only allows fake news at /news/, rest gets deleted. He thinks its all fake. Help us post real news like this at /news/

Bernd 12/06/2017 (Wed) 11:34:49 [Preview] No.12379 del

>January 18, 2016

>TEHRAN – The world is abuzz with the lifting of sanctions on Iran after the latest nuclear deal it had struck with the west. Many states and leaders have offered congratulations and expressed optimism about a sanction-free Iran, however some have also expressed caution, while others see this as the worse development in modern history.

>The United States have expressed content about the current deal. President Barack Obama said: “Yeah I guess it’s ok, I mean we can always bring back sanctions if we feel like it,” and added that “making friends” with the Islamic Republic shows the United States’ consistency in its Middle East policy.

>“It’s another strong boost to our ‘WTHAWD?’ (What The Hell Are We Doing?) Middle East policy. After being hostile to Iran for over 30 years, backing Saddam against Iran, backing the proto-Taliban in Afghanistan against the Soviets, then bombing Saddam, then bombing the Taliban that we supported, then bombing Saddam again and deposing him, then supporting Israel in its threats to Iran, then backing Jundallah terrorists in east Iran, then fighting ISI(without the L) in Iraq between 2006 and 2010, then pulling out of Iraq, then backing Libyan rebels who then killed our ambassador, then denouncing Assad and backing the Syrian rebels, then not backing islamist Syrian rebels but backing Gulf monarchies that back islamist Syrian rebels instead, then wanting to bomb Assad, then not wanting to bomb him, then supporting moderate rebels, then those rebels themselves supporting or being overrun by Al-Qaeda, then supporting moderate rebels controlled by Al-Qaeda again anyway, then bombing Al-Qaeda in Syria (Al-Nusra), then returning to Iraq to bomb ISIL, then bombing ISIL in Syria, while completely ignoring ISIL expansion in Libya, then not bombing them in Iraq because we don’t want to directly help pro-Iranian Shia militias, then making a wide anti-ISIL alliance in which almost no one but us bombed ISIL, then supporting the Kurds and later the SDF in Syria, while still clinging to Turkey which supports Al-Qaeda and ISIL and attacks the SDF that we support, and ignoring ISIL where it threatens Assad (Palmyra), while also sometimes bombing ISIL where it threatens Assad (Deir ez-Zor), while at the same time supporting Israel which periodically bombs Assad, and in the end trying to make friends with Israel’s enemy Iran, which supports Assad, who is supported by Hezbollah, which is controlled by Iran and is hostile to Israel, while of course still calling Israel a key ally, we can indeed say that the ‘WTHAWD?’ policy has been a phenomenal success,” – President Obama said.

>Israeli President Benjamin Netanyahu said that he had been crying non-stop for days, called the entire world antisemitist and said that lifting the sanctions on Iran is “worse than the Holocaust”.

>“All of the people in the west and east involved in this travesty of history are no different than Josef Mengele,” – Netanyahu said through tears. “Lifting sanctions against Iran is like operating on living Jewish babies, there is no difference! Soon these western countries that have betrayed us will even start complaining when we counterfeit their passports to covertly kill Iranian scientists and allies in Iran and other countries. Now thanks to these people Iran can make a nuclear bomb unopposed and this will spark a nuclear arms race in the Middle East!”

>When Netanyahu was asked how is it that Israel’s own few hundred undeclared nuclear warheads have not sparked a nuclear arms race, he responded: “We have always said that we may or may not have nuclear weapons. Well, the lack of a previous nuclear arms race is obviously proof that we don’t have them! But we reserve the right to retaliate with nuclear weapons if we are attacked. This is of course not admitting that we do have them, because we may or may not have them, but we will definitely use them if we think that we need to!”